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Pest (Rodent) Management in Farm


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Pest (Rodent) Management in Farm

Questions:

My name is Yudi, a layer farmer from Blitar, East Java. In my current condition, I have a special warehouse for storing raw materials and feed which is currently in trouble with attacking rats. I usually use rat treatment that is in the market to kill rat pests, but the rat population has not been fully controlled. I want to ask, what is the strategy to eradicate rat pests but in an efficient way for our farming business, Thank you.

Yudi - Blitar

 

Answer:

Dear Mr Yudi, thank you for your question given to the Fenanza team. Rat is included in the group of rodent and it is dangerous pest that often attack the farm and its facilities, usually the damage and losses caused are quite a lot, such as a). Reducing the amount of feed stock due to being eaten by rats b). Damaging warehousing facilities such as packaging, cages, walls, roofs, water pipes, to several vital parts such as warehouses for raw materials and production machines. In fact, not infrequently we encounter, various fatal cases such as electrical short circuit, warehouse fires caused by "malignancy" from rats. c). Contaminating materials, products, and the environment with their feces, fur, urine and food scraps, so as to reduce the hygienic value of food or products affected by rat pests. d) It causes human health problems "disease-carrying agents" there are at least 45 types of diseases and 200 types of pathogens and parasites that can be carried by rat. such as: Salmonellosis, leptospirosis and rat-bite fever in humans, while for livestock what needs to be watched out for is the presence of diseases that have a direct impact on livestock such as: swine dysentery (swine), fowl pox (poultry) and pasteurellosis (all livestock). Thus, rodent infestation in general can result in financial losses to livestock production.

 

Implement Control Management, Not Extermination

We often find cases in the farm, both in poultry and non-poultry farms, where ineffective handling of the rat population happened. Rats continued to appear even after applying eradication measures. This occurs because the action orientation focuses on extermination, not in controlling. In fact, the main principle in handling cases is the need for a control system that is programmed so as to obtain maximum results.

We need to say that there are several important aspects of rat control, including which can be done in the following ways:

a) Diagnosis, paying attention to the characteristics of the farm area is needed. Do a mapping the main areas that become rat activity (feed, raw materials, pipelines, roofs, underground pits, etc.), especially in the area of ​​the raw material / feed warehouse which is the main source of food, then detect the entrance, paths, feeding and nesting grounds. Diagnosis like this is very important, especially to find out a suitable control scheme to be carried out afterwards.

b) Create a Rodent Control Management

Making a program for rat control can be done with the aim of controlling the rat population by considering health, environmental and economic factors, namely: 1). Health, which means that control must be safe for humans, not producing excess residues, toxins, irritants, and various other health problems. 2). Environment, meaning rat control must be safe for the sustainability of life around (in the nature of sustainability) and not cause harmful impacts / waste to the ecosystem or socio-economy. 3). Cost, during the Covid-19 pandemic like today, we must be wise in carrying out efficiency in production costs, which is the main requirement in running the livestock business.

c) Qualified Product

The basic thing in the process of controlling rat pests more efficiently cannot be separated from the effectiveness of the quality of the products used. Product selection must pay attention to quality, availability (continuity), safety, authenticity and legality. In this case, we recommend using Stratagem, a new generation single-feed rodenticide that uses the active ingredient flucomafen (more effective than active ingredients on the market due to lower doses), not wrapped in paraffin so as to increase its palatability. In addition, in the application process, Stratagem is not affected by changes in environmental conditions (heat, drought, dust, humidity), its shape is adapted to the habits of biting, grasping and chewing rat, low dose (only needs 1.6 grams to kill a 250 gram mouse. and only requires 16-20 g / feed point) which can speed up the life of the control program (cheap logistics costs), high palatability (the possibility of rats choosing bait over other food sources) and low costs for the total program carried out.

Fenanza, as the official distributor of Stratagem, produced by BASF, puts forward a two-way consultation method between farmers directly and our technical team in the field to be able to answer problems faced by farmers at the moment. For further information, do not ever hesitate to contact the Fenanza Team in the field or through the Trobos Magazine editor. Greetings (ARD).

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