Dear Fenanza Team,
The prolonged summer made our farm chaos and a decrease in egg production drastically. In general, feed consumption is normal, but there was indeed an increase in drinking consumption due to the hot weather, so there were wet droppings. However, the mortality rate of the layer was not high, it means that the layer was in good health. Furthermore, from our observations of several chickens, we found that they have long laying intervals. This is the cause of the decrease in egg productivity. We did a necropsy on chickens with these symptoms, the results showed that the liver was very yellow, brittle, and the size was larger than the usual. In addition, many prospective eggs were found in very small sizes, but chickens did not lay eggs. We hope that the Fenanza Team can help us and provide the best solution to overcome these situations. Thank you.
(Sudrajat – Solo)
Dear Bapak Sudrajat,
We thank you for your trust to Fenanza Team. After reading your explanation, from the size of the organ, color and consistency, there were fatty tissue in the liver and ovaries so that the formation of egg follicles was inhibited. This is one of the causes of long egg-laying intervals. But the consistency of the liver that also brittle, the larger size and the yellow color leads to fatty liver syndrome which is allegedly due to an abnormal metabolic system in livestock.
There are several factors lead fatty organ syndrome in a layer, such as (1.) The level of energy intake from the feed is too high, (2.) Disruption of the body's metabolism due to extreme and prolonged heat stress so that fat metabolism is not going well, (3.) Lipotropic nutrient deficiency or nutrients that help metabolize fats, such as betaine, choline, inositol, vitamin B12, biotin, L-tryptophan, carnitine, and selenium.
From a nutritional point of view, there are several steps to prevent the case, such as (1.) Decreases the feed energy from a given fat, (2.) Add supplements such as vitamin C and electrolyte minerals (magnesium, sodium bicarbonate, potassium, chloride) to reduce dehydration and stress due to hot weather, (3.) Add lipotropic nutrients that do not produce high energy, such as Betaine, that applied to reduce the use of methionine in feed. Betaine can provide the methyl group (CH3) and play a role in the synthesis of carnitine to break down fat. With a dosage of 0.5 - 0.8 kg per tons of feed for laying hens, Betaine is able to provide many benefits for maintaining the health of livestock.
Due to the limited space in this rubric, further questions regarding Betaine as a lipotropic nutrient can be submitted directly to our team who will be happy to assist. We do hope that your business will become more successful. Good luck! Regards (R).
Also publsihed in TROBOS Magaazine, December 2019